FuzzyNumbers - Online Manual

trapezoidalApproximation {FuzzyNumbers}R Documentation

Trapezoidal Approximation of a Fuzzy Number


This method finds a trapezoidal approximation T(A) of a given fuzzy number A by using the algorithm specified by the method parameter.


## S4 method for signature 'FuzzyNumber'
   method=c("NearestEuclidean", "ExpectedIntervalPreserving",
            "SupportCoreRestricted", "Naive"),
   ..., verbose=FALSE)



a fuzzy number


further arguments passed to integrateAlpha


character; one of: "NearestEuclidean" (default), "ExpectedIntervalPreserving", "SupportCoreRestricted", "Naive"


logical; should some technical details on the computations being performed be printed?


method may be one of:

  1. NearestEuclidean: see (Ban, 2009); uses numerical integration, see integrateAlpha

  2. Naive: We have core(A)==core(T(A)) and supp(A)==supp(T(A))

  3. ExpectedIntervalPreserving: L2-nearest trapezoidal approximation preserving the expected interval given in (Grzegorzewski, 2010; Ban, 2008; Yeh, 2008) Unfortunately, for highly skewed membership functions this approximation operator may have quite unfavourable behavior. For example, if Val(A) < EV_1/3(A) or Val(A) > EV_2/3(A), then it may happen that the core of the output and the core of the original fuzzy number A are disjoint (cf. Grzegorzewski, Pasternak-Winiarska, 2011)

  4. SupportCoreRestricted: This method was proposed in (Grzegorzewski, Pasternak-Winiarska, 2011). L2-nearest trapezoidal approximation with constraints core(A) SUBSETS core(T(A)) and supp(T(A)) SUBSETS supp(A), i.e. for which each point that surely belongs to A also belongs to T(A), and each point that surely does not belong to A also does not belong to T(A).


Returns a TrapezoidalFuzzyNumber object.


Ban A.I. (2008), Approximation of fuzzy numbers by trapezoidal fuzzy numbers preserving the expected interval, Fuzzy Sets and Systems 159, pp. 1327-1344.

Ban A.I. (2009), On the nearest parametric approximation of a fuzzy number - Revisited, Fuzzy Sets and Systems 160, pp. 3027-3047.

Grzegorzewski P. (2010), Algorithms for trapezoidal approximations of fuzzy numbers preserving the expected interval, In: Bouchon-Meunier B. et al (Eds.), Foundations of Reasoning Under Uncertainty, Springer, pp. 85-98.

Grzegorzewski P, Pasternak-Winiarska K. (2011), Trapezoidal approximations of fuzzy numbers with restrictions on the support and core, Proc. EUSFLAT/LFA 2011, Atlantic Press, pp. 749-756.

Yeh C.-T. (2008), Trapezoidal and triangular approximations preserving the expected interval, Fuzzy Sets and Systems 159, pp. 1345-1353.

See Also

Other FuzzyNumber-method: Arithmetic, FuzzyNumber-class, FuzzyNumber, alphaInterval, alphacut, ambiguity, as.FuzzyNumber, as.PiecewiseLinearFuzzyNumber, as.PowerFuzzyNumber, as.TrapezoidalFuzzyNumber, as.character, core, distance, evaluate, expectedInterval, expectedValue, integrateAlpha, piecewiseLinearApproximation, plot, show, supp, value, weightedExpectedValue, width

Other approximation: piecewiseLinearApproximation


(A <- FuzzyNumber(-1, 0, 1, 40,
   lower=function(x) sqrt(x), upper=function(x) 1-sqrt(x)))
(TA <- trapezoidalApproximation(A,
   "ExpectedIntervalPreserving")) # Note that the cores are disjoint!

[Package FuzzyNumbers version 0.4-1 Index]